Lesson nº 9 on Tomorrow Algarve – To Be or not To Be?

To be or not to be? Well, you have two choices in Portuguese…. In our 9th Portuguese lesson you will learn the difference between ‘ser’ and ‘estar’.

For the verb TO BE there are two possibilities in Portuguese depending on the context.

So, firstly we are going to consider ‘SER

Generally, we can say that we use the verb “Ser” to talk about permanent things and situations. This is a good rule to remember, it helps a lot, but sometimes it’s not enough to understand every possibility we have with this verb “Ser”.

This is how you conjugate SER: 

I am Eu sou
You are Tu és  (informal)
You are Você é (formal)
He is Ele é
She is Ela é
It is ——-
We are Nós somos
You are Vocês são
They are Eles são (masculine) / Elas são (feminine)

We use SER to talk about:

• Nationality and place of origin
I’m English / I’m from London. (Sou inglês. / Sou de Londres.)
• Profession or occupation
I’m a teacher. (Sou professor.)
• Characteristics of people, animals, and things
• She’s nice. / This dog is very smart. / The house is beautiful. (Ela é simpática. / Este cão é muito esperto. / A casa é bonita.)
• Generalization
Portuguese food is good. (A comida portuguesa é boa.)
This car is mine. (Este carro é meu.)
• Material of composition
This table is made of wood. (Esta mesa é de madeira.)
• Time, date or season
It’s 10 o’clock. / Today is Tuesday. / It’s summer now! (São 10 horas. / Hoje é terça-feira. / Agora é Verão.)
• Where or when an event takes place
The class is today in room A. (A aula é hoje na sala A.)

Response to lesson nº 8:

Answer these questions affirmatively, using just a verb:

• Você é inglês?
Sou. (Yes, I am)
• Tu falas português?
Falo. (Yes, I speak Portuguese)
• Eles moram em Lagos?
Moram. (Yes, they live in Lagos)
• Vocês são casados?
Somos. (Yes, we are married)



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